日本が世界に誇るクラシック作曲家

日本が世界に誇るクラシック作曲家をまとめてみました。

武満徹 / Toru Takemitsu

Toru Takemitsu (Takemitsu Toru, October 8, 1930 – February 20, 1996) pronounced was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory. Largely self-taught, Takemitsu possessed consummate skill in the subtle manipulation of instrumental and orchestral timbre. He is famed for combining elements of oriental and occident philosophy to create a sound uniquely his own, and for fusing opposites together such as sound with silence and tradition with innovation.

He composed several hundred independent works of music, scored more than ninety films and published twenty books.He was also a founding member of the Jikken Kobo (experimental workshop) in Japan, a group of avant-garde artists who distanced themselves from academia and whose collaborative work is often regarded among the most influential of the 20th century.

His 1957 Requiem for strings orchestra attracted international attention, led to several commissions from across the world and established his reputation as one of the leading 20th-century Japanese composers. He was the recipient of numerous awards and honours and the Toru Takemitsu Composition Award is named after him.

湯浅 譲二 / Joji Yuasa

Born in Kōriyama, Fukushima|Kōriyama]], Fukushima Prefecture|Fukushima]], he is self-taught as a composer.

In 1951 or 1952, together with the composer Tōru Takemitsu]] and other artists and musicians, he founded Jikken Kobo (Experimental Workshop), an organization for the exploration of new directions in the arts, including multimedia.http://emfinstitute.emf.org/exhibits/jikkenkobo.html]

Since then, Yuasa has written a wide range of compositions, including orchestral, choral and chamber music, music for theatre, and intermedia]], electronic and computer music. His works have been commissioned by the Koussevitzky Music Foundation, Saarland Radio Symphony Orchestra, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Japan Philharmonic Orchestra, NHK]] Symphony Orchestra, Canada Council, Suntory Music Foundation, IRCAM]] and National Endowment for the Arts of the U.S.A. He has received a number of fellowships and awards, from: Japan Society Fellowship (1968-69), Composer in Residence at the Center for Music Experiment UCSD ]] (1976), Berlin Artist Program by DAAD (1976-77), the New South Wales Conservatorium of Music in Sydney (1980), the University of Toronto (1981) and IRCAM (1987),

As a guest composer and lecturer, he has contributed to the Festival of the Arts of This Century in Hawaii (1970), New Music Concerts in Toronto (1980), Asian Composers League in Hong Kong (1981), concert tour for Contemporary Music Network by British Arts Council (1981), Asia Pacific Festival in New Zealand (1984), Composers Workshop in Amsterdam (1984), Darmstadt Summer Course for Contemporary Music (1988), Lerchenborg Music Tage (1986, 1988), Pacific Music Festival in Sapporo (1990), and Music of Japan Today: Tradition and Innovation (Hamilton College, NY - 1992),

From 1981 to 1994 he was a music researcher and professor at the University of California, San Diego]], where he is currently a professor emeritus. He has also served as a guest professor at the Tokyo College of Music]] since 1981, and a professor for the postgraduate course of the College of Arts at Nihon University]] since 1993. Yuasa is the recipient of a 1996 Suntory Music Award]].

細川俊夫 / Toshio Hosokawa

Hosokawa studied with Yun Isang at the Berlin University of the Arts. Since 1998, Hosokawa has served as Composer-in-Residence at the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra]]. In 2004, Hosokawa became a guest professor at Tokyo College of Music]]. In 2001, Hosokawa became a member of Akademie der Künste]], Berlin.

Invited by Walter Fink], he was the 18th composer featured in the annual Rheingau Musik Festival#Portraits of living composers|Komponistenporträt] of the Rheingau Musik Festival]] in 2008, in chamber music, played by the Arditti Quartet]] and Mayumi Miyata] (Shō), and the oratorio ''Voiceless Voice in Hiroshima'', performed by the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne|WDR Symphony Orchestra and Choir, Cologne] conducted by Rupert Huber].Gerd Döring in Frankfurter Rundschau, 2 September 2008 (in German)

野平一郎 / Ichiro Nodaira

西村朗 / Akira Nishimura

Nishimura studied composition and musical theory on a graduate course at Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music. He also studied Asian traditional music, religion, aesthetics, cosmology and the heterophonic concepts, all of which have a lasting influence on his music.
He has won several national and international awards, including the 36th Suntory Music Award (2004) and has been commissioned by many overseas music festivals.
Nishimura was the judge at the 2007 Toru Takemitsu composition award.

一柳慧 / Toshi Ichiyanagi

Toshi Ichiyanagi (一柳 慧 Ichiyanagi Toshi, born 4 February 1933, Kobe, Japan) is a Japanese composer of avant-garde music. He studied with Tomojiro Ikenouchi, Kishio Hirao and John Cage.
One of his most notable works is the 1960 composition, Kaiki, which combined Japanese instruments, shō and koto, and western instruments, harmonica andsaxophone. Another work Distance (1961) requires the performers to play from a distance of three meters from their instruments. Anima 7 (1964) states that chosen action should be performed "as slowly as possible."
Ichiyanagi was married to Yoko Ono from 1956 to 1963.
Ichiyanagi is the recipient of the 33rd Suntory Music Award (2001). He has been honored with Japan's Order of Culture.

三善晃 / Akira Miyoshi

Akira Miyoshi (三善 晃; January 10, 1933 – 4 October 2013) was a Japanese composer.
Miyoshi was born in Suginami, Tokyo. He was a child prodigy on the piano, studying with Kozaburo Hirai and Tomojiro Ikenouchi. He studied French literature at the University of Tokyo,and then at the Paris Conservatory with Henri Challan and Raymond Gallois-Montbrun from 1955 to 1957. He was very influenced by Henri Dutilleux.He returned to Japan in 1957 and continued studying French, graduating in 1960. In 1965, he became a professor at the Toho Gakuen School of Music. Miyoshi received the 31st Suntory Music Award (1999). He won four Otaka prizes for his compositions.

入野義朗 / Yoshiro Irino

Irino was born in Soviet Vladivostok. He attended high school in Tokyo and went on to study economics at Tokyo Imperial University (now University of Tokyo).

After World War II, Irino, along with colleagues Minao Shibata and Kunio Toda, studied the twelve-tone method of composition devised by Arnold Schoenberg. In 1951, Irino used the composition technique to compose his Concerto da Camera for Seven Instruments. This work is credited to be the first Japanese dodecaphonic composition.During the same time, the magazine Ongaku Geijutsu published two articles by Irino: "Schoenberg's Composing Technique" and "What is Twelve-Tone Music?" Subsequently, Irino used the twelve-tone technique in numerous compositions and wrote extensively about contemporary music. Working to introduce foreign contemporary music and music literature to Japan, he made Japanese translations of important books such as Die Komposition mit zwölf Tönen by Josef Rufer and Schoenberg and His School by René Leibowitz. Irino did not, however, compose serial music, a technique of the same period widely used with the Darmstadt School.

In 1973, the Asian Composers League was established by Irino and his colleagues. After his death, the Irino Award and the Yoshiro Irino Memorial Prize (sponsored by the Asian Composers League) were established to promote young composers. Notable students include Kimi Sato.

伊福部昭 / Akira Ifukube

Akira Ifukube (伊福部 昭 Ifukube Akira?, 31 May 1914 – 8 February 2006) was a Japanese composer of classical music and film scores, perhaps best known for his work on the soundtracks of the Godzilla movies by Toho.

望月京 / Misato Mochizuki

松村禎三 / Teizo Matsumura

Teizo Matsumura (松村禎三 Matsumura Teizō, born Kyoto, 15 January 1929 - 6 August 2007) was a Japanese composer and poet.
Orphaned and suffering from tuberculosis, during his recovery in the early 1950s he began to write both haiku and music. He studied with Tomojiro Ikenouchi. He was influenced by Ravel and Stravinsky, but also Asian traditions. He was Professor Emeritus of the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music.
Matsumura is best known for his opera Chinmoku (in English Silence) based on the novel of the same name by Shusaku Endo. This has been recorded.
Matsumura is the recipient of the 1974 UNESCO International Rostrum of Composers and of the 1978 Suntory Music Award.

木村まり / Mari Kimura

Mari Kimura (Kimura Mari) is a Japanese violinist and composer best known for her use of subharmonics, which, achieved through special bowing techniques, allow pitches below the instrument's normal range.She is credited with "introducing" the use of violin subharmonics, which allow a violinist to play a full octave below the low G on the violin without adjusting the tuning of the instrument.

She studied violin with Joseph Fuchs, Roman Totenberg, Toshiya Eto, and Armand Weisbord. She also studied composition with Mario Davidovsky at Columbia University, and computer music at Stanford University. Kimura holds a doctorate in performance from The Juilliard School. Since September 1998, she has been teaching a graduate class in Interactive Computer Music Performance at The Juilliard School.Mari Kimura is the daughter of a renown Japanese environmental architect, Ken-ichi Kimura. She grew up in a solar house designed by her father in Japan.